Vic Dale wrote:Zhivago is fiction
yes but it illustrates very well how life was back then.
It illustrates nothing except the pro czarist sympathies of the producers. It is clear that very few people know what Russia was like when the Bolsheviks took power. Think of Ethiopia in 1985 and that gives you an idea the mass starvation which the czar and his war had given millions of hard working Russian people. Think about the death squads sent in to kill the discontented asking for bread and the thousand plus dead who petitioned the winter palace when they were hungry, cut down by the pro-czarist Cossacks.
The revolution began to actually feed people. It ended the war and began to redistribute the land. Small wonder the landed gentry and the land rich peasants got upitty. They were the ones who fueled discontent and spread dissent among ignorant people. Had the revolution been left in peace to develop it's resources, without massed highly mechanised armies from predator nations being sent in to smash it up, the transition would have been a lot smoother. They might not have had to suffer under Stalin. Three years of terrible war which destroyed production and caused starvation among millions was not going to be overcome easily.
Taking it all in all and I do not for one minute support what Stalin did, the revolution took Russia from being the poorest nation in the whole of Europe and built it into the second most powerful economy in the world by 1945. The lives of the average Russian changed dramatically. For the first time they had guaranteed jobs, a roof over their head (though not luxurious) and sufficient food. They were never to starve again. That is just 28 short years, 25 if you don't count the war when things went backward. This represents the most fantastic achievement in the whole history of mankind though at a terrible cost. Capitalism for all it's trumpeting could never achieve that. Even the redevelopment of Germany out of the ashes of WWI was not a patch on the Russian achievement. The 1950s economic boom eclipsed by six times all that had ever been produced by mankind yet the Russian achievement is never mentioned, because it did far better than that, growing at 12.5% year on year until the 1960s.
By 1940, all that was left of the socialist revolution was the planned economy and it is thanks to this that Russia did so well.